29 percent of the world’s strawberries come from one single place: the state of California in the United States. Almost a third or every succulent red sweet fruit is grown in the vast acres of strawberry plants in the fertile land out west. A major problem with strawberries, however, is that they succumb to all manner of pests and pathogens. Diseases are of particular nuisance to farmers. To eliminate pathogens and fungi that affect strawberries and are almost ubiquitous, strawberry farmers have been sterilizing soil that is subsequently used to grow strawberries for almost half a century.
But, the major fumigants uses are methylated halogens. Methyl bromide, a particular popular one, was found to be a contributor to ozone depletion and was banned in 2005. Due to the difficulty in finding alternatives, the strawberry farmers have been able to get waivers to continue using the powerful chemical fumigant. However, the waivers are set to end altogether in 2016. So, growing strawberries with new techniques is going to be necessary. And, there just may be a viable option coming to fruition soon.