Strawberry plants are, in my humble opinion, a truly fascinating marvel of nature. They are amazingly adaptable; they propagate themselves in a plurality of ways; and they produce a fleshy red, white, yellow, or purple fruit that is universally prized by the intelligent and instinctive creatures that live all around us (including us human folk!). They have developed and adapted means of surviving sub-zero temperatures, and, consequently, can be grown from the warmer temperate regions of our great planet all the way north or south to the frigid regions.
But, their adaptability and genetic flexibility have allowed for selective breeding. Researchers have been able to breed for desired characteristics. And, while such breeding programs have allowed for improved disease resistance, bigger strawberries, different colors, and more commercially-viable cultivars, the breeding has also culled some of the hardiness from some of the varieties as specificity has narrowed by region. Today, not just any strawberry variety will do well in just any ol' location. The more extreme the weather, the more specific one should be when selecting a specialized variety for planting in order to obtain the best harvest from your efforts.
That, my strawberry-loving friends, is where this post can help! If you live in the frigid environs of Canada (at least in winter), you need to know how to pick an appropriately hardy strain of strawberry plants so that you end up happy with your final yield of fruit. If you are from the United States, go here for your state-by-state recommended varieties. This page is a compilation of each of the recommend strawberry variety lists for each of the Canadian provinces and territories.
To jump directly to your province or territory, simply click the abbreviation here:
Appropriate Alberta strawberry varieties as recommended by Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development:
June-bearing: Bounty, Cavendish, Glooscap, Honeoye, Kent; Everbearing: Fort Laramie, Ogallala; Day-neutral: Albion, Fern, Seascape, Tristar.
Appropriate British Columbia strawberry varieties as recommended by the British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture; Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada:
June-bearing: Clancy, Hood, Honeoye, Nisgaa (BC 92-20-85), Puget Crimson (WSU 2833), Puget Reliance, Rainier, Shuksan, Stolo (BC 96-33-4), Sweet Bliss (Orus 2180-1), Totem, Valley Red (ORUS 1790-1); Day-neutral: Albion, Diamante, Monterey, San Andreas, Seascape, Selva.
Good strawberry varieties for British Columbia according to the Fraser Valley Strawberry Growers Association:
June-bearing: Charm, ORUS 2427-4, Puget Crimson, Sweet Bliss, Sweet Sunrise, Valley Red.
Appropriate Manitoba strawberry varieties as recommended by Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives Crops Knowledge Centre:
June-bearing: Kent, Glooscap; Day-neutral: Seascape; Everbearing: Fort Laramie, Ogallala.
Appropriate New Brunswick strawberry varieties as recommended by the New Brunswick Department of Agriculture, Aquaculture and Fisheries:
June-bearing: Annapolis (early), Blomidon (mid-to-late), Bounty (late), Cavendish (midseason), Glooscap (midseason), Kent (midseason), Veestar (early).
Appropriate Newfoundland and Labrador strawberry varieties as recommended by StrawberryPlants.org:
June-bearing: Cavendish, Glooscap, Kent; Day-neutral: Seascape, Tristar; Everbearing: Fort Laramie, Ogallala.
Appropriate Northwest Territories strawberry varieties as recommended by the Northwest Territories Territorial Farmers Association:
Any Alpine strawberry variety (Fragaria vesca species).
Appropriate Nova Scotia strawberry varieties as recommended by Atlantic Food and Horticulture Research Centre in Kentville; Horticulture Nova Scotia:
June-bearing: Annapolis, Kent, Mira, Sable.
Appropriate Nunavut strawberry varieties as recommended by StrawberryPlants.org:
June-bearing: Cavendish, Kent; Day-neutral: Seascape, Tristar.
Appropriate Ontario strawberry varieties as recommended by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food:
Early to early mid-season June-bearing: Annapolis, Brunswick, Darselect, Evangeline, Glooscap, Honeoye, Itasca, Mohawk, Sable, V151, Veestar, Wendy; Mid-season to Late mid-season: Allstar, Cabot, Cavendish, Governor Simcoe, Jewel, Kent, L'Amour, Mira, Sapphire; Late season: L'Authentique Orleans, Serenity, St. Pierre, R14, Valley Sunset; Day-neutral: Albion, Evie 2, Seascape.
Appropriate Prince Edward Island strawberry varieties as recommended by the Prince Edward Island Department of Agriculture and Forestry:
June-bearing: AC Valley Sunset, Cabot, Glooscap, Jewel, Mira, Orleans, St. Laurent.
Appropriate Quebec strawberry varieties as recommended by the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) sub-station in L'Acadie:
June-bearing: Annapolis, Chambly, Harmonie, Honeoye, Kent, La Clé des Champs, Mira, Saint Laurent, Saint-Pierre, Yamaska; Day-neutral: Albion.
Good strawberry varieties for Quebec according to the Lareault Nursery:
June-bearing: Annapolis, Bounty, Cabot, Cavendish, Chambly, Clé des Champs, Évangéline, Flavorfest, Glooscap, Harmonie, Harriot, Honeoye, Jewel, Kent, Lila, Mira, Sable, St-Jean d'Orléans, St-Pierre, Serenity, Sparkle, Summer Dawn, Summer Rose, Summer Ruby, Valley Sunset, Veestar, Wendy; Day-neutral: Albion, Charlotte, Mara des bois, Monterey, Seascape.
Appropriate Saskatchewan strawberry varieties as recommended by the University of Saskatchewan Fruit Program:
June-bearing: Annapolis, Bounty, Cavendish, Kent; Day-neutral: Fern, Seascape, Tristar; Everbearing: Fort Laramie, Ogallala.
Appropriate Yukon strawberry varieties as recommended by Yukon Agriculture Research & Demonstration:
June-bearing: Cavendish, Kent.