Strawberry Planting Guide

Spring brings forth visions of harvest in the minds of home gardeners everywhere as they look at freshly planted gardens.  As most gardeners know, everything does best when planted at its optimal time.  Planting strawberries is no different.  This strawberry planting guide will show you when you should put your strawberry plants in the ground.  If you haven't yet purchased any, you can follow this link to buy strawberry plants.

The following table tells you when to plant strawberry plants according to the U.S. agricultural zones:

Strawberry Planting Guide: When to Plant Strawberry Plants

The following table lists the date ranges when you should plant strawberries according to USDA zones.  The higher the number, the closer the zone is to the equator.  Each zone has unique climactic properties, and following this strawberry planting schedule will help you maximize your harvest.  For more, see the Growing Strawberries reference page.

USDA Agricultural ZonePlant Strawberries From:Plant Strawberries Until:
Zone 10DecemberFebruary
Zone 9DecemberFebruary
Zone 8DecemberMiddle of March
Zone 7DecemberEarly April
Zone 6Early MarchMiddle of April
Zone 5Early AprilEarly May
Zone 4Early MayMiddle of May
Zone 3Early MayMiddle of May

strawberry planting guide

Strawberry Planting Guide: Conclusion

It is important to remember that planting strawberries during the appropriate time window is only half the battle, and late frosts generally won't do any significant damage to strawberry plants.  It is also important to select a cultivar that is well suited for your area.  To learn more about the options, visit the Strawberry Varieties reference page, find out which ones are recommended for your state on the Recommended Strawberry Varieties, or just go with one of the tried and true Popular Strawberry Varieties.  And good luck!

76 thoughts on “Strawberry Planting Guide

  1. hi i live in hawaii and i wanted to grow strawberries, could you help me with choosing the right type. it rains allot where i live and it does get warm too. any help would be appreciated. mahalo mike

    • mike,
      If you are set on growing strawberries in Hawaii, you may want to try one of the following varieties: Eversweet, Quinault, Seascape. Although strawberries are grown commercially on the Islands, and the Fragaria chiloensis species of strawberries grow at elevation there, they are more difficult to grow in the tropical environment and not highly recommended. The three varieties I just listed are sold in nurseries on Hawaii, so they may do better than most. Good luck!

    • Javier Alvarez,
      Unfortunately, Puerto Rico does not have a climate that is conducive to growing strawberries. You might want to try growing strawberries during the shorter days when it is cooler, but for that you’ll need a short-day variety (use the search box at the top of this page to find more information on those). If you are going to try to grow them during the summer, you might have difficulty. Chandler is one of the more heat-tolerant varieties, so you might want to try that one. Good luck!

  2. Hello, I live in tenn so growing here is easy enough, but I live in a very shaded mountain with pretty poor, rocky soil. Would you recommend a raised bed or should i look more into co opting land?

    • Hamilton King,
      I would recommend using raised beds filled with higher-quality soil. Of course, if you have land that can be co-opted for growing strawberries, that is an acceptable solution also. Good luck!

  3. hi i want to plant strawberries here is phoenix arizona! what’s the best type to plant and do i plant them in the sun or shade? also what time should i plant them?
    i saw some sequoia strawberry plants at the farmers market today, is that a good one?

  4. I live in SC..I have had my strawberries in the ground since last season. Can I safely seperate some of the plants? THey look crowded..multiple plants came in ea.container last yr.

  5. Live in upstate New York. Still averaging 40 degrees in daytime. Rec’d my strawberry plants but think it’s too cold to plant as they’ll freeze. How do I keep them alive?

    • Jean,
      Just don’t let the roots get completely dried out. If you ordered bare root plants, you should have gotten instructions with them. If not, you can get some sand and moisten it and keep the roots in the moist sand until you are ready to plant. If you got plugs or potted plants, just keep them inside and watered until you are ready to plant them outside. Good luck!

  6. My Strawberries have gotten smaller over the years and my patch is crowded. Should I dig them up and replant the same ones or buy new plants. I only like large berries.

    • Kathy,
      Each plant needs enough soil and space to flourish in order to produce larger berries. You can dig up the younger plants (1-2 years old) and replant them. Good luck!

  7. I live in N.E. Mississippi, day time temps are now in the 50’s &60’s, night time are mostly 30’s with a few nights still dropping to the 20’s. Do I need to hold off on planting my plants ? Thank you

    • Tawnya,
      The chances are good that the worst of the cold weather is behind us. If you bought bare-root plants, I would go ahead and plant them. Good luck!

  8. Please exuse if this is a stupid question. We are making mounds and covering with black plastic. Will the plastic keep my plants from spreading ? Do you even think the plastic is a wise idea ? I have tons of mulch, keeping them with mulch is no problem. Thank you again for your time.

    • Tawnya,
      The black plastic is mainly used by commercial growers who treat the strawberry plants as annuals instead of perennials. The black plastic will keep your plants from spreading via runners as the runners won’t be able root through the plastic and will die. If you have mulch, I’d go with that. Good luck!

  9. I have a newly made raised bed approximately 1.5 sq yard and 14″ deep. I would like to plant an everbearing stawberry. We live in zone 7a and the bed is partially shaded during the morning. The soil is a 80/10/10 mix of black dirt with spagnum moss and bagged cow manure. Do you have suggested varieties of berries that would thrive in this zone?

  10. Hello! I see that for zone 6 I should plant, but is this true for plants in pots that already have leaves? I bought some plants online assuming they were bare root but they are not 🙂 Any help appreciated!

  11. i want to plant my strawberry in dirt with lots of goat poop the soil looks like potting soil it is so rich would it be too much for the strawberrys

  12. Hi new to strawberries, I have 49 bare root ever bearing sitting in the crisper drawer of my fridge. They seem to be okay as I took one out two weeks ago and put it in water, and it started to grow. My question is this do you think it is to late to get them into the ground this late in the game? I live in zone 5 southern Indiana.

  13. Because of the cold harsh winter here in upstate New York I could not set out my first year strawberry plants until mid May. They did not start any buds until mid May. I have read that the buds should be pulled up to July first. Now I have an over abundance of buds. What should I be doing? Also, I am in zone 5
    Also, I have no real Idea as to what kind of strawberry plants I have. bought all my plants from Lowes.
    Any advice?

    • Dave,
      If I am not mistaken, Lowes sells potted plants. If that is the case (you bought already-green and growing plants), I’d recommend just letting the fruit set. There is little enough disruption when re-planting fully potted plants that you shouldn’t diminish the next year’s harvest significantly by allowing the plants to set their fruit. So, enjoy your harvest! Good luck!

  14. I live on Long Island I believe I’m zone 6 or 7 I wanted to know if it’s to late to start my seeds and weather I should keep them indoors or out?

    • Donna,
      It isn’t too late to start them if you do it right away. You’ll need to protect them well over the winter months, however. Good luck!

  15. I oxygenate water in a tub I add blood meal bone meal, Epson salt,malasses,fish fertalizer, then I feed my strawberries this is how my ozark berries are growing beautiful is there anything I am missing some berries just wilt what do I do?

  16. I just planted grapes, blackberries rasberries and strawberries it is early fall. Is that ok I heard to get the roots in before winter for hopefully spring blooming… 5

    • Bridget M Gawel,
      Yes, it is absolutely a great idea to plant strawberries when you did. They should have plenty of time to establish their root systems prior to winter, and you can expect a yummy harvest of strawberries next spring if all goes well! Good luck!

  17. I am trying to grow strawberries in PVC French drain. (Saw it on Pinterest) Zone 8
    I have well drainage but my question is…how long after planting should I see green? We purchased the “root systems” from Lowes…?

    • Amanda McDonald,
      If you haven’t seen new green growth within two weeks, the crowns have probably died. I’d recommend taking them back to Lowe’s for a replacement or refund. Good luck!

  18. I am a teacher and starting a school garden this Fall. Due to limited space on the playground I am going to use a plastic kiddie pool. Can I grow strawberries in there and what types would do well in zone 7. Thanks for your help.

    • cece cececamp,
      Yes, you can do that, just be sure to put drainage holes in the bottom of the pool so it is well-drained. Chandler and Surecrop should both work well. Good luck!

  19. I just had strawberry plants shipped. We live in zone 6. can I still plant them outside. We should still have about 2 weeks of 40-60 degree weather till we get a freeze. Or should I plant them in our greenhouse until spring? Thank you

  20. Hi I live in Bulgaria and have just had some strawberry plugs Sweet Colossus delivered, should i plant them directly into the ground or overwinter them, it gets very cold here in the winter down to -30.

    • ann hole,
      I am not familiar with the Sweet Colossus variety. I am assuming that it is suitably hardy for your climate, so I would recommend planting in-ground and mulching very heavily to protect them through the winter. To make certain that is the best course of action, you might want to contact the seller and get his recommendation for your situation/variety. Good luck!

  21. Mr. Strawberry,
    We planted strawberry plants in
    plastic pots. Would like to transplant
    to ground for next year. What should we
    do for the winter? Can we transplant now
    or wait till spring? (zone 5)

    • LeAnn,
      If the ground isn’t yet frozen where you live (it shouldn’t be), go ahead and transplant them carefully. Good luck!

  22. I just received blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries in the mail. Can I plant now in zone 8? I have them moist and in sand per the companies recommendations but not sure when to plant in ground. We have raised beds. Thanks!

    • Meghan,
      In zone 8, I would go ahead and plant personally, however, that does come with some risk. If you do go ahead and plant, be sure to monitor the temperature and provide extra protection if the temperature drops into the low twenties or cooler. Also, if the plants do suffer cold injury, you might void your ability to get a refund by not following the company’s recommendations. Either way, good luck!

    • I live in zone 8 as well and I am wanting to plant my strawberry roots I just bought. Did you try yours early last year? If so do you have any tips lol. #Trying to get some advise:)

  23. I planted strawberry plants I a big outdoor container. I mixed about a third sand in with the potting soil. Mom always told me that strawberries love sand. Anyway, I have been told that they ate perinial. Is that correct? Also, I live in zone 6 (Missouri) when should I expect to see the first berries coming in? Thank you!

    • Jennifer Stubblefield,
      Strawberry plants do love a sandy loam soil rich in organic matter. And, yes, they are perennial. You will likely see the first berries coming in by April or May, depending on the weather. Good luck!

  24. Hi,

    I bought some Albion. Not sure if they are barefoot or not as most of them have some small leaves on them but most of them are just long roots. I live in Northern California and now it is Feb. The temperature has been in the 30-40th during the day and 10-20th at night. I planted them right away in a milk crate towel I made with some straws and then covered it with some clear plastic. I left it outside for two nights and now I am not sure if that was stupid or not. So now I have it inside. Please let me know what should I do now. Thank you so much!

    • Helen,
      Moving back and forth from inside to outside can be traumatic on plants when they are getting established. If you have a greenhouse-like set up (with the plastic), I would wait for some warm nights and then move them outside again the morning before the warmer nights begin. Giving them extra protection for the first few nights will help also, but staying outside is probably the best option as soon as they can be moved back out safely. Good luck!

  25. Hi,

    Could you please recommend some strawberry varieties that would do well in Southern California (zone 10)? Thank you!

    • Joy,
      Zone 10 is hot! You might want to try Chandler as they are a bit more heat tolerant than most. Good luck!

  26. Hi! I’m trying my hand at planting for the first time ever and I wanted to start with strawberries. I live in zone 10 and was wondering, is the window for planting is closed since it’s already May? Additionally, I don’t have a yard or anything of the like but I do have a sunny window. Should I use a container or hanging basket?

    • Yumi,
      In Zone 10 it is going to be difficult to grow strawberries in the summer/hot weather. Most growers that far south use day-neutrals for off season production in late winter. You can try either a container for your strawberries, or a hanging basket. However, it might be hard to keep them alive. Good luck!

  27. I live in zone 5 and we have decided to start a strawberry patch (for next year or year after’s crop obviously). It is late June here. Is it too late to establish a new patch? Would they grow and be strong enough to survive the winter? Any help is appreciated!

    • Kelly,
      No, it isn’t too late. If you are going to be transplanting the strawberries, you may want to even wait a bit longer. Root development happens best in the cooler fall weather, so September should be the ideal time to plant. Good luck!

  28. Hi,
    I live in Maldives, a tropical country with two seasons, namely Hulhangu Moosun (wet monsoon) which lasts from April 8 to December 9, Iruvai Moosun (dry monsoon) which lasts from December 10 to April 7.
    I want to grow strawberries here. So is it possible to grow them here? If so please give some details on how to grow them. Especially when to start from seeds as we don’t have seedlings available here as they’re not grown locally.
    Any help will be greatly appreciated.

    • Ashraf,
      It is very unlikely that strawberries will survive or produce a crop for you in your climate. I’m sorry!

    • Houston Ball,
      September is a perfect time to plant! Planting in the fall allows the roots to develop so that you don’t have to snip your blooms. You won’t get any strawberries this year, but next spring you can expect a full harvest! Go ahead and get them in the ground, and good luck!

  29. Hi I just bought some everbearing strawberry roots and I’m wondering when will be the best time to plant them and what is the best kind of soil to use. I am in MS my zone is 8. I’m growing them in gutters. We had snow twice this year which is not usual for us. According to the gardeners almanac the last scheduled frost should be around March 15th. Thank you!

Leave a Comment